The International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is a United Nations (UN) campaign held on February 6 to stop genital mutilation to girls and women.
At the same time, people the world over are encouraged to celebrate International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation.
Various activities and events are held on February 6 each year to promote the UN’s campaign to raise awareness and educate people about the dangers of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Public conferences and forums often feature FGM survivors who are invited to share their personal experiences. Some have done so successfully. Other activities include photo essays and round-table discussions on making policies and laws to end FGM.
The International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is a global observance and not a public holiday.
About 120 to 140 million women have been subject to FGM and 3 million girls are at risk each year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). FGM relates to all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. This practice is an abuse of human rights and causes serious health complications, including fatal bleeding.
The UN first officially commemorated the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation on February 6, 2003. It continues to fight against FGM through a range of activities in addition to the observance.